Top 30 Problem Solving Interview Questions and Answers in 2023

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Employers value problem-solving questions because they cannot always forecast the projects you will be working on, so they need to know you have a diverse skill set. In an ever-changing environment, having a workforce that can tackle unforeseen challenges is immensely valuable; therefore, strive to exhibit this capacity in your responses. These types of problem-solving interview questions are prevalent in technical fields. Thus we have 30 top problem-saving questions and answers examples listed below to help you with your upcoming interview.

1. Tell Me About A Moment When You Had To Come Up With A Creative Solution To A Difficult Problem.

While providing mobile telecom support for a sizable corporation, I was tasked with switching our MDM service from one vendor to another in under a month and a half. It involved oneself physically with 500 gadgets throughout the organization. Even without the pressing deadline, collecting the necessary devices from the headquarters and branch offices spread out over the state was challenging. To tackle this issue, I started by compiling a list of everyone in the company and where they were stationed to gauge how long the devices would take to reach them in transit. Then, I tracked how many gadgets I could update in one day. With all of this information, I could piece together a rough timeline. Then, I communicated with all the branches to stress the need to meet deadlines and arrange for bulk shipments. Despite intermittent pushback, I worked with regional managers to ease nerves and get things done. Although implementing all the changes was challenging, my strategy for coordinating the event led to its great success. Many people were surprised that the full changeover was completed five days early.

2. Describe A Time When You Messed Up.

When I started as a supervisor, it wasn’t easy to let go of my contributor hat. I tried to balance my previous tasks with the responsibilities of my new position. As a result of my haste, I made a mistake in the code of the software that my team was updating. The issue resulted in a memory leak. We became aware of the problem when performance suffered, but we didn’t know what was causing it. I dug into the code, evaluating recent modifications, and eventually discovered the problem was my own. I took numerous measures after making that finding. First, I informed my team that the fault was mine and described its nature. Second, I collaborated with my team to resolve the memory leak. Finally, I interpreted this as a lesson in the delegation. I started distributing tasks to my team more effectively, which helped me grow as a manager while allowing them to thrive as contributors. It was a pivotal learning experience for me, one that I have cherished ever since.

3. What Steps Do You Take If You Identify A Potential Risk In A Project?

The first thing I do when I discover risk in a project is analyze the many causes of that risk. Evaluation is crucial for prevention. I can lay the groundwork for figuring out how to lessen the possibility of the undesirable occurrence happening if I have a thorough understanding of the factors that can set it in motion. After gaining sufficient insight, I formulate a countermeasure strategy. The specifics of this step depend on the nature of the problem. Still, they typically entail several checks and procedures to track the project as it develops and identify potential risk factors. This strategy works because it incorporates both prior information and constant awareness, in my opinion. That way, if the project starts to veer off into uncharted waters, I can quickly and easily change its course.

4. What Do You Usually Do When Trouble Arises?

When I need a solution to a problem, I first try to learn more about it and see whether others have found a similar one. Based on my findings, I may select the strategy that will benefit me and the business most. After that, I consult with my superiors and coworkers to figure out what needs to be done to fix the issue. Then I set about doing it.

5. What Method Do You Use To Consider All Of Your Options And Make A Wise Choice?

When I’m trying to decide between two options and have a list of pros and cons, I always start by asking myself if the drawbacks would prevent me from reaching my goal or adding extra work elsewhere. A successful outcome is unlikely if this is the case. If that is not the case, I will consider whether the potential benefits justify the potential risks. If the positives outweigh the cons, it is worth pursuing and coping with any adverse impacts as they arrive.

6. What Would You Do If You Had An Angry Or Disappointed Customer?

When faced with an angry or dissatisfied client, I try to maintain a kind and helpful tone to calm the situation as quickly as possible. I don’t want to add to their frustration in any way. Then, after gathering all of the relevant details, I will try to determine what it is that has led to their state of unhappiness. As soon as I’ve decided what the issue is, I’ll start thinking about how to fix it and make it perfectly obvious to the client what actions I’ll take to handle their problem in a manner that is satisfactory to them.

7. What Specific Metrics Do You, Monitor, Regularly? How Exactly Do You Incorporate This New Information Into Your Strategy?

Open rates and conversion rates are two metrics that I frequently use as a manager of email marketing to evaluate the effectiveness of my campaigns. If there is a low percentage of people who open my emails, I will either review the material to ensure that it applies to the reader or try changing the subject line to make it sound more intriguing. Suppose the percentage of customers who purchase after reading an email is low. In that case, I will reevaluate the content of the email to ensure that it is clear and engaging, as well as the offer to ensure that it is appropriate for the targeted audience and provides them with something of value.

8. Please Tell Me About A Time When You Were Forced To Make A Last-Minute Adjustment To The Action You Had Planned. How Did You Choose To Respond To This Challenging Situation?

When I was a catering manager, the night before an event, the supplier notified us that the ingredients required to produce the appetizers would not be delivered on time and would come after we needed them. This was a problem because we needed to cook the appetizers right away. On the way to the event, I stopped at the store to pick up the necessary items after getting a list of what was required. Together with my crew, I was able to produce the appetizers in time for the party that we were attending. Because the appetizers were so well received by everyone who attended the party, the event’s hostess explicitly acknowledged them in her online evaluation.

9. Your Boss Wants To Purchase New Software That Will Assist In Increasing The Productivity Of The Team, And She Has Asked For Your Suggestion On What To Purchase. How Do You Respond?

First, I would consult with my manager to determine the most necessary features and how much money the organization has available. With this information, I would start researching the many productivity software solutions within the budget and meeting the requirements. In addition to its features and cost, I would consider the software’s capacity to satisfy foreseeable future needs and feedback from existing users. When I had a list of about five possibilities, I would pick the three best ones and give my opinion on the best one. My manager would get a copy of my recommendation, which would include a few reasons why I thought this choice was the best.

10. Describe A Situation In Which You Had To Find A Solution To An Issue Without Having All Of The Relevant Info About It In Your Hands. What Did You Do?

Our company’s chief executive officer once informed me, in my capacity as office manager, that worker output had dropped and that it was my responsibility to find out why. The decrease in productivity could be due to several factors, so I decided to conduct interviews and distribute brief surveys to find out what team members thought. Once I had all this data, I could see that the staff lacked a centralized location to monitor and manage their work. After recommending a new project management system to the CEO, we saw a 10% boost in output.

11. Give Me An Example Of A Time When You Were Tasked With A Job That Was Outside Your Expertise And Explains What Happened.

In my previous organization, I started as a junior sales executive. Even though I lacked the appropriate training, I could work my way up to the position of area sales manager. Due to the limited amount of training provided, I was required to figure out most things on my own. My training in this area prepared me to assume responsibilities that were occasionally outside the scope of my work description. Whenever I am tasked with completing a project for which I do not have the essential expertise, I educate myself on the subject independently and do my absolute best to complete the assignment.

12. Please Provide An Example Of A Moment When You Were Able To Solve An Issue By Using Logic.

While working here, I had to deal with a client who was unhappy with our product’s cost, and I had to find a solution. They contacted to protest the second month’s renewal charge because they hadn’t comprehended the sales representative’s initial explanation of the price. I regretted the misunderstanding and consulted with the billing department to determine the best course of action. We reasoned that the optimal solution was to provide a discounted long-term pricing package. Because of this, not only was the issue resolved, but the customer also signed up for a longer-term contract, guaranteeing us at least another year of business at a price that suits them. My approach to the issue was successful, and I believe I achieved the best possible result.

13. How Would You Describe Your Typical Approach To Resolving Issues, Both In General And Specifically In The Context Of The Workplace?

One of the most distinguishing features that sets me apart from other applicants is my ability to maintain composure under pressure. In retrospect, I believe that it was during my time as a product manager at a prominent ABC startup that I began developing this skill. I learned a lot about how to remain optimistic, focused, and productive in the face of adversity during that trying time. These days, if I am faced with an unforeseen difficulty, be it in my personal or professional life, I quickly draw upon the conflict management skills I have honed throughout my career. This is helpful, and I can already tell my abilities have improved.

14. Describe A Moment When You Had To Mediate A Disagreement With A Superior Or Coworker At Work.

At my previous workplace, there was an occasion in which an employee complained that I had not given him enough tools to do a specific task. Since I was in the role of team leader, I was obligated to ensure that everyone in my team had the resources they needed to complete the task at hand. Unfortunately, I had to find out the hard way that one of my coworkers harbored ill will toward me. Never one to engage in idle chatter, I sought out this individual to address his concerns and work toward a resolution. So I emailed him asking if he wanted to get coffee with me the next day. He agreed to meet, and during our coffee break, we discussed the harm he thought had been inflicted upon him. The answer we came up with was a win-win for both of us and could be implemented immediately. After that, our relationship flourished, and we never had another significant disagreement.

15. How Would You Rate Your Problem-Solving Skills?

In retrospect, I believe I have a knack for analyzing risks, developing viable solutions, and reducing potential adverse outcomes. However, I cannot take full credit for developing these skills. In most cases, my demonstrated success in managing risk and solving problems at work can be credited at least as much to my team members as it can to me. For me to be an effective problem-solver, it helps to be surrounded by colleagues I can trust.

16. Can You Describe An Instance When You Had To Explain Something Technically Challenging To A Client Or Customer? What Methods Did You Use, And How Did They Work Out?

Years ago, when I was working as a software engineer for a well-known robotics firm, my boss put me in the position of needing to convey intricate engineering details to a client. Since this client lacked any software engineering or artificial intelligence background, I had to explain the subject matter to them in words they could understand. Fortunately, I could use some appropriate metaphors and analogies to convey the facts in a way that this client could comprehend and appreciate. After that, we went on to form a fruitful working relationship that lasted for four years.

17. How Confident Are You In Your Abilities To Get Things Done Without Constant Monitoring From Superiors?

Working from home or anywhere else, I have always considered myself highly self-motivated, and I believe my resume and references would back this up. In fact, like many other workers, I often experience a boost in productivity when I can work away from the office. Even when my coworkers and I aren’t physically in the same place at the same time, I make an effort to be an upbeat and inspiring role model.

18. How Would You Handle An Unexpected Understaffing Situation?

It appears this issue always arises around the holidays, so I’ve taken steps to ensure we have enough employees. Proactivity is the single most crucial tip, in my opinion. Especially during holidays, I retain a roster of folks available to work extra shifts at a moment’s notice (when people are likely to call in sick). I make it a point to appreciate everyone who helps out by covering a shift by writing a large “thank you” on the whiteboard in the break room. Consequently, I can get someone to come in at a moment’s notice, and morale remains strong. To ensure that we always have coverage, I also try to cross-train most of our team. If they can’t make their shift, I’ll work it myself.

19. What Steps Would You Take If You And Your Team Knew That You Couldn’t Complete Your Tasks By The Due Date? Ask Yourself: What Would You Do?

This occurred nine months ago, as our team readied to launch a new product. We discovered a month before launch that one of our main parts would be late in shipping. Although I was able to locate a potential supplier, they were unable to assure me that they could meet our tight deadline for delivery. Even so, I tried to keep everyone in the loop as much as possible by reporting the problem to upper management and the heads of each department. Thankfully, the R&D experts immediately redesigned the part so that we could utilize a readily available alternative that was also 20% less expensive. We were able to beat the deadline while cutting costs.

20. Is There A Strategy You Would Employ To Cope With A Challenging Subordinate Who Openly Challenges Your Authority?

First, I try to evaluate the situation rather than the employee’s comments to understand what might have prompted their dissatisfaction. I would then speak with them individually, allowing them the chance to express their grievance and myself the opportunity to work with them to find a solution. Sometimes, it takes to comfort employees to let them know that their thoughts are acknowledged. However, if the employee continued to disseminate negativity and erode department morale, I would put them on official notice to expect a formal performance evaluation at the end of two weeks. At that point, we would address their future with our department.

21. You Have Two Vendors To Choose From: One Offers Cheaper Prices, While The Other Offers Faster Shipping. In Your Opinion, Which Is The Best?

First and foremost, I’d look at two metrics: the projected deadlines and the present finances. I would choose a less expensive vendor if the production planner could adjust the production schedule to accommodate a later delivery. If the materials are time-sensitive, I will discuss the subject with the Chief Financial Officer and explain why it is preferable to pay a higher supply price rather than run the risk of experiencing manufacturing delays (and bearing direct and indirect costs). I’d use ERP data and a business intelligence program to establish my case to model multiple scenarios.

22. A Customer Requests A Specific Product, But It Is Out Of Stock. They Are Dissatisfied. How Would You React?

I would start by inquiring about the customer’s willingness to consider alternate options and then offering a selection of items that are functionally equivalent to the one they initially requested. If neither option is suitable, I’ll check the resupply information and offer to add them to a notice list. You could also recommend putting a backorder if they are amenable to the idea. If they’re still unsatisfied, I suggest they wait a little while while I talk to the manager about giving them a discount or throwing in free, fast delivery when the item is back in stock.

23. You’re The Last Person To Leave The Office, And Now You Can’t Find Your Keys. Time Has Passed, And No One Else Seems To Be Around. In Your Shoes, What Step Would You Take?

First, I’d double-check that I hadn’t misplaced my keys, and then I’d go through my stuff. There’s no way I can leave the workplace without locking up if I don’t have them, right? Therefore, I would contact my supervisor, or another coworker I knew was in the area to see if they might assist me. I have faith that one of them can either personally help me or point me in the direction of the appropriate HR representative to speak with about this matter.

24. Is There Anything You Do To Avoid Potential Issues Proactively?

I recently had to organize several networking events for our most important divisions. I thought we’d have trouble persuading some busy sales staff to attend because previous events had been relatively mild. I gathered some input from last year and put it to use. For example, I attempted to ‘gamify’ the event by ensuring enough parts of the party would appeal to a diverse group of participants. Not only did I employ top-tier caterers (and publicize this fact), but I also booked entertainment to work for the crowd and create a vibe to ensure that people remained – not just popped their heads in, as in the past—a raffle/goody bag concept connected with the next away day and helped improve participation. There was one added incentive that hadn’t been employed at our events before.

25. Tell Me About A Moment When You Had To Go Outside The Box To Find A Solution To An Issue That Kept Cropping Up.

Every time we got a shipment at my previous job, we had to shift merchandise stored near the loading dock before we could unload the new items. This took extra time and caused the carrier to be delayed while we relocated the older inventory. After seeing this multiple times, I realized that the problem was caused by the fact that it required several days to rotate the fresh materials into production to free up the receiving area. I found some extra storage space within the production site and developed a system that processed and transferred receivables within 24 hours of being unloaded. This freed up the loading dock, making it available for future cargo. Because we solved this problem, the carriers spent 50% less time at our facility, and they offered us a 10% discount on our shipping charges.

26. What Do You Do When A Situation Calls For An Immediate Response?

Recently, our Controller became ill with pneumonia in the same week we were scheduled to deliver an effective presentation to a client. He forwarded me what he had prepared, and it was up to me to complete the details. Being in a role that required me to interact directly with customers was a little outside of my comfort zone as an Analyst; nevertheless, I was able to adjust rapidly and kept telling myself that my team needed me.

27. Do You Prefer To Get Right Into Problem-Solving Mode, Or Do You Prefer To Take Some Time To Analyze And Assess The Situation Before Diving In?

In most circumstances, my reaction to an unforeseen difficulty will be entirely determined by the nature of the problem. If immediate action is required, I will jump in without hesitation. If, on the other hand, I determine that it would be more advantageous to take a measurement of the spinal column and assess the nature of the problem before we begin to intervene, I will do so. In general, I favor the latter method: taking a step back and considering things before attempting to find a solution. This, in my experience, makes it much easier for everyone concerned to reach a practical and long-term resolution. That said, if a problem requires prompt attention, I’m fully capable of diving right in.

28. Tell Me About The Most Difficult Problem You’ve Faced In Your Professional Experience.

My most recent employer presented me with the most challenging dilemma in my professional experience. I had a vast project that consumed the majority of my annual budget. Due to significant overseas travel, the customer was challenging to work with because he was rarely available for feedback. I needed this agreement to work, so I changed my work hours to fit his time zone for the project’s duration, which lasted six months. This change enabled us to speak via Skype daily, which meant a lot of late-night and early-morning phone conversations for me! It was a sacrifice that I would make again. I understand that to achieve success; I must make the sacrifice.

29.  Assume That A Coworker You Dislike Has Committed A Mistake. How Will You Deal With It?

I constantly aim to maintain positive relationships with my coworkers because we all benefit if we all work together. But, even if there is passive hatred and distrust between a coworker and me, I remain professional without exaggerating my warmth. If I discover a mistake made by a colleague, I will set my sentiments and opinions aside and, as a professional, advise them of the mistake first. If the error is correctable at that level, that is all I would do. However, if the error is significant enough to damage the department or firm, I would do the right thing and notify my superiors. It would undoubtedly be an action motivated by professional concern rather than malice.

30. Tell Us About A Moment When You Employed An Unconventional Method To Solving A Problem Instead Of The Typical One.

My previous employer had to renew the ID cards of senior employees. For many years, they would hire a photographer, take images, have the IT guy update their information, and then wait for printed cards. It was my first work, and I was brand new, so I was exposed to this system for the first time. I immediately considered how superfluous ID cards were. I informally advised a supervisor on how to avoid this annual renewal system. They could all download the Zow app and change their images and details whenever they wanted, allowing them to use digital IDs instead of physical ones. Instead of a new card every year, employees handed them badges with just their and the company’s names. As a result, the organization still does not utilize identification cards and went digital in 2013, before it was a trend.


We propose using the STAR approach to make it easier for you to remember. STAR is an abbreviation for Situation, Task, Action, and Result. It’s a straightforward method of guiding the listener or reader through the story in a way that makes sense to them. Good luck!